Ten-Minute Art School Course
12 Things You Were Not Taught in School About Creative Thinking
by Michael Michalko
1. You are creative. The artist is not a special person, each one of us is a special kind of artist. Every one of us is born a creative, spontaneous thinker. The only difference between people who are creative and people who are not is a simple belief. Creative people believe they are creative. People who believe they are not creative, are not. Once you have a particular identity and set of beliefs about yourself, you become interested in seeking out the skills needed to express your identity and beliefs. This is why people who believe they are creative become creative. If you believe you are not creative, then there is no need to learn how to become creative and you don’t. The reality is that believing you are not creative excuses you from trying or attempting anything new. When someone tells you that they are not creative, you are talking to someone who has no interest and will make no effort to be a creative thinker.
2. Creative thinking is work. You must have passion and the determination to immerse yourself in the process of creating new and different ideas. Then you must have patience to persevere against all adversity. All creative geniuses work passionately hard and produce incredible numbers of ideas, most of which are bad. In fact, more bad poems were written by the major poets than by minor poets. Thomas Edison created 3000 different ideas for lighting systems before he evaluated them for practicality and profitability. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart produced more than six hundred pieces of music, including forty-one symphonies and some forty-odd operas and masses, during his short creative life. Rembrandt produced around 650 paintings and 2,000 drawings and Picasso executed more than 20,000 works. Shakespeare wrote 154 sonnets. Some were masterpieces, while others were no better than his contemporaries could have written, and some were simply bad.
3. You must go through the motions of being creative. When you are producing ideas, you are replenishing neurotransmitters linked to genes that are being turned on and off in response to what your brain is doing, which in turn is responding to challenges. When you go through the motions of trying to come up with new ideas, you are energizing your brain by increasing the number of contacts between neurons. The more times you try to get ideas, the more active your brain becomes and the more creative you become. If you want to become an artist and all you did was paint a picture every day, you will become an artist. You may not become another Vincent Van Gogh, but you will become more of an artist than someone who has never tried.
4. Your brain is not a computer. Your brain is a dynamic system that evolves its patterns of activity rather than computes them like a computer. It thrives on the creative energy of feedback from experiences real or fictional. You can synthesize experience; literally create it in your own imagination. The human brain cannot tell the difference between an “actual” experience and an experience imagined vividly and in detail. This discovery is what enabled Albert Einstein to create his thought experiments with imaginary scenarios that led to his revolutionary ideas about space and time. One day, for example, he imagined falling in love. Then he imagined meeting the woman he fell in love with two weeks after he fell in love. This led to his theory of acausality. The same process of synthesizing experience allowed Walt Disney to bring his fantasies to life.
5. There is no one right answer. Reality is ambiguous. Aristotle said it is either A or not-A. It cannot be both. The sky is either blue or not blue. This is black and white thinking as the sky is a billion different shades of blue. A beam of light is either a wave or not a wave (A or not-A). Physicists discovered that light can be either a wave or particle depending on the viewpoint of the observer. The only certainty in life is uncertainty. When trying to get ideas, do not censor or evaluate them as they occur. Nothing kills creativity faster than self-censorship of ideas while generating them. Think of all your ideas as possibilities and generate as many as you can before you decide which ones to select. The world is not black or white. It is grey.
6. Never stop with your first good idea. Always strive to find a better one and continue until you have one that is still better. In 1862, Phillip Reis demonstrated his invention which could transmit music over the wires. He was days away from improving it into a telephone that could transmit speech. Every communication expert in Germany dissuaded him from making improvements, as they said the telegraph is good enough. No one would buy or use a telephone. Ten years later, Alexander Graham Bell patented the telephone. Spencer Silver developed a new adhesive for 3M that stuck to objects but could easily be lifted off. It was first marketed as a bulletin board adhesive so the boards could be moved easily from place to place. There was no market for it. Silver didn’t discard it. One day Arthur Fry, another 3M employee, was singing in the church’s choir when his page marker fell out of his hymnal. Fry coated his page markers with Silver’s adhesive and discovered the markers stayed in place, yet lifted off without damaging the page. Hence the Post-it Notes were born. Thomas Edison was always trying to spring board from one idea to another in his work. He spring boarded his work from the telephone (sounds transmitted) to the phonograph (sounds recorded) and, finally, to motion pictures (images recorded).
7. Expect the experts to be negative. The more expert and specialized a person becomes, the more their mindset becomes narrowed and the more fixated they become on confirming what they believe to be absolute. Consequently, when confronted with new and different ideas, their focus will be on conformity. Does it conform with what I know is right? If not, experts will spend all their time showing and explaining why it can’t be done and why it can’t work. They will not look for ways to make it work or get it done because this might demonstrate that what they regarded as absolute is not absolute at all. This is why when Fred Smith created Federal Express, every delivery expert in the U.S. predicted its certain doom. After all, they said, if this delivery concept was doable, the Post Office or UPS would have done it long ago.
8. Trust your instincts. Don’t allow yourself to get discouraged. Albert Einstein was expelled from school because his attitude had a negative effect on serious students; he failed his university entrance exam and had to attend a trade school for one year before finally being admitted; and was the only one in his graduating class who did not get a teaching position because no professor would recommend him. One professor said Einstein was “the laziest dog” the university ever had. Beethoven’s parents were told he was too stupid to be a music composer. Charles Darwin’s colleagues called him a fool and what he was doing “fool’s experiments” when he worked on his theory of biological evolution. Walt Disney was fired from his first job on a newspaper because “he lacked imagination.” Thomas Edison had only two years of formal schooling, was totally deaf in one ear and was hard of hearing in the other, was fired from his first job as a newsboy and later fired from his job as a telegrapher; and still he became the most famous inventor in the history of the U.S.
9. There is no such thing as failure. Whenever you try to do something and do not succeed, you do not fail. You have learned something that does not work. Always ask “What have I learned about what doesn’t work?”, “Can this explain something that I didn’t set out to explain?”, and “What have I discovered that I didn’t set out to discover?” Whenever someone tells you that they have never made a mistake, you are talking to someone who has never tried anything new.
10. You do not see things as they are; you see them as you are. Interpret your own experiences. All experiences are neutral. They have no meaning. You give them meaning by the way you choose to interpret them. If you are a priest, you see evidence of God everywhere. If you are an atheist, you see the absence of God everywhere. IBM observed that no one in the world had a personal computer. IBM interpreted this to mean there was no market. College dropouts, Bill Gates and Steve Jobs, looked at the same absence of personal computers and saw a massive opportunity. Once Thomas Edison was approached by an assistant while working on the filament for the light bulb. The assistant asked Edison why he didn’t give up. “After all,” he said, “you have failed 5000 times.” Edison looked at him and told him that he didn’t understand what the assistant meant by failure, because, Edison said, “I have discovered 5000 things that don’t work.” You construct your own reality by how you choose to interpret your experiences.
11. Always approach a problem on its own terms. Do not trust your first perspective of a problem as it will be too biased toward your usual way of thinking. Always look at your problem from multiple perspectives. Always remember that genius is finding a perspective no one else has taken. Look for different ways to look at the problem. Write the problem statement several times using different words. Take another role, for example, how would someone else see it, how would Jay Leno, Pablo Picasso, George Patton see it? Draw a picture of the problem, make a model, or mold a sculpture. Take a walk and look for things that metaphorically represent the problem and force connections between those things and the problem (How is a broken store window like my communications problem with my students?) Ask your friends and strangers how they see the problem. Ask a child. How would a ten year old solve it? Ask a grandparent. Imagine you are the problem. When you change the way you look at things, the things you look at change.
12. Learn to think unconventionally. Creative geniuses do not think analytically and logically. Conventional, logical, analytical thinkers are exclusive thinkers which means they exclude all information that is not related to the problem. They look for ways to eliminate possibilities. Creative geniuses are inclusive thinkers which mean they look for ways to include everything, including things that are dissimilar and totally unrelated. Generating associations and connections between unrelated or dissimilar subjects is how they provoke different thinking patterns in their brain. These new patterns lead to new connections which give them a different way to focus on the information and different ways to interpret what they are focusing on. This is how original and truly novel ideas are created. Albert Einstein once famously remarked “Imagination is more important than knowledge. For knowledge is limited to all we now know and understand, while imagination embraces the entire world, and all there ever will be to know and understand.” Creativity is paradoxical. To create, a person must have knowledge but forget the knowledge, must see unexpected connections in things but not have a mental disorder, must work hard but spend time doing nothing as information incubates, must create many ideas yet most of them are useless, must look at the same thing as everyone else, yet see something different, must desire success but embrace failure, must be persistent but not stubborn, and must listen to experts but know how to disregard them.
This is probably one of the most inspiring things I’ve read in a while.
First project casting “redux”. Well, while I’ve still got some casting failure problems, this turned out much better than the first round. The problems this time are *mostly* salvageable.
I’ll have to solder on the ring for the candy piece in the front left. The front right candy ring has a big hole underneath, as well as a chunk out of the ring. It may not be as salvageable.
The bobbin ring only has a few holes, which shouldn’t be there, but should be relatively easy to repair. The tomato topper turned out fabulous!!
The Dalek-esque thimble ring will be re-cast tomorrow. I hope it turns out, because it looked awesome in wax!
I’ve also got another set that I’ve been working on that will be cast tomorrow, which I’m both nervous and excited about. It has cast-in-place stones in each piece, and will be done in sterling silver. I had some good sized sheets of leftover silver from a project from last semester, and a bunch of reclaimed silver from various broken jewelry I’ve been hanging onto. I’m still going to have to invest another $120 into this set to have enough silver, so I’m REALLY hoping this piece turns out!
I think I should start playing the lotto, at least occasionally, but I’d really rather prefer that silver prices would drop to the prices they were in the early 90s. At least until I could snatch up around 20 pounds, then it can skyrocket back up to these prices.
There will be more pics of these as they are further cleaned up & repaired, along with the pics of the other castings.
Wish me GOOD luck for tomorrow!
Thanks for reading and stay tuned!
Instead of working on coding for my Objective-C/iPhone app development class midterm, I’m busy making a mess, both carving and melting wax, to redo my rings project. I’m doing something different this time. Whether I’m going to do something I had sketched out, try to redo what I’d done before, or just let them develop organically into something different, I haven’t completely decided. We’ll see what the wax wants to do.
My gemstones for my next project arrived from Rio Grande today, and I have some more wax, a glass alcohol burner, and some denatured alcohol on the way from Amazon. The candle is serving the purpose at home, but I’d rather have the clean burn of the alcohol. I’m excited about this next one, and I’m going to be creating it in Sterling Silver. It’s a “found object” project, and mine will be a bracelet.
Ok, back to work… Thanks for reading!
Remnants of a failed casting.
PCD - Post Casting Depression.
Surprisingly, no tears… Yet.
At least it was copper, and not silver.
I don’t know quite what went wrong. It could have been any number of things.
I’m going to spend part of the weekend researching what type of things can go wrong, and how to try to prevent them in the future, and spending more time trying to redo this project.
If anyone has any tips/suggestions/”war stories”, feel free to pass them along.
At least I have plenty of scrap copper. But damnit, my Dalek-esque thimble ring would have been bad-ass, if it had turned out. I will be trying again!
Thanks for reading!
I was about to not have a post this weekend. My youngest woke up sick early Saturday morning, and I’ve been feeling sick all day today. But since I promised something of substance, I’m plugging through.
This last week I spent a lot of time writing a paper for my art history class. I wrote about Ivan Albright and his piece “Into the World There Came a Soul Called Ida”. I became mesmerized by the detail in Albright’s paintings when I saw them up close at The Art Institute of Chicago. The patience that it takes to devote the time to the minute detail within his paintings is amazing and maddening. Art is one of the few places I have patience, but I lack the attention span much of the time. I get fed up with my work if I spend too much time on it, and many of my better pieces seem to be ones I don’t spend too much time on.
Also during the last week I got my wax rings completed and sprued. They are in the investment flask to protect them from damage, and will need to be cut off at the bottom and weighed, then placed back on the base, back in the flask, and filled with the investment. It is a plaster-like substance to create a mold for the wax to melt away from, and to hold the space for the molten metal to flow into. This round of rings will be created in copper, and parts will be added to the “Voodoo Tomato” to complete it. I might be hand painting some of the elements as well… I haven’t quite decided fully on that aspect. We’ll see how they look beforehand. I might just put a patina on some parts of them.
Tomorrow I will be sketching, sketching, sketching out some ideas between all the other things on my list of plans.
If you haven’t done so, “Like” my Facebook page, www.facebook.com/TheresaStewartArtAndDesign where I have been slowly uploading some of my past art, and check out and follow me on Twitter @TheresaAStewart
Thanks for reading! Hope your weekend was great and less full of germs than mine, and that your week is even better!
Advice from a Caterpillar…
As I take a short sanity break from a paper I’m trying to complete before I go to bed (only to have to get up a few short hours later), I thought I’d take a little time to give my opinion, based on experience, to anyone who might be reading this…
I just want to give a bit of advice to all the “kids” out there - If you have the opportunity, start college as soon as you can, before having a spouse, before having children, before having to be a fully responsible adult. Don’t drop out with the mindset of “I’ll get back to it later.” Often, later never comes. Life gets in the way. On the chance that you are able to get back to it after life has happened, it’s much harder. Not impossible, just harder. I may not have been as disciplined or determined back in the day, but I really wish I could go back in time to let my former-self know how important it is to do well in school, and complete it while still free of other responsibilities. I probably wouldn’t have listened to myself. Either way, I’m paying for it now… damned you, hindsight. Why must you always be 20/20?
I promise a better post - with talk of art and possibly some more pictures - before this weekend is over! Thanks for reading!
I know I promised this yesterday, but time got away from me while trying to get other work done.
These are my wax rings that I have in progress. They are not quite ready for casting as I still have to complete part of one, and want to get them as cleaned up as possible so I will have less work to do once they are cast.
Finding the Time to Find the Time, to Find the Motivation.
*Whew* This has been a busy week and it flew by in such a flash! I have done so much I can not even recall everything that I accomplished, but for some cruel twist of fate I am nowhere near caught up with everything I need to do - such is the life of a college student/artist/mother/wife.
I am much further along on my wax ring project than the picture from last weekend shows. I’ll set up and take a picture of what I have completed, so far, later today and then post it. I’m getting past my aggravation over the initial stages of this project and now am having quite a bit of fun with it… well, other than when the wax refuses to cooperate with me and with itself. I’m almost done with all four rings, the wax part at least. Depending on how much other work I can accomplish this weekend, and what all I have to do for the next project, I might even set out to make a few more simple designs to include in this casting session.
I’ll likely be uploading some more photos of my older works onto my Facebook page later this evening as well.
Unfortunately, before I can get to working (and continue working) on the homework that I do enjoy, I have to get working on some mundane mind-numbing household tasks and some other mind-numbing homework. Now then, where did I place that motivation? …Ah, there it is. Hidden under a huge pile of laundry. Crap. I better get on it.
Well, my dears … Thanks for reading! Stay tuned for photos later!